Description of the final stadium larva of Philoganga vetusta Ris, with discussion of the taxonomic characters of the larvae of the genus Philoganga Kirby (Odonata: Philogangidae)

The final stadium larva of Philoganga vetusta Ris is described and illustrated in detail. The larva of supposed P. vetusta from Hong Kong is confirmed, and that of Philoganga sp. from Fujian can be determined to be P. robusta. The taxonomic characters and systematic status of the larvae of genus Philoganga are discussed and summarized….

Morphological re-examination of Epiophlebia laidlawi (Insecta: Odonata) including remarks on taxonomy

Epiophlebia is the only known taxon of Odonata that is neither part of the damselflies (Zygoptera) nor dragonflies (Anisoptera). Previously, two species of Epiophlebia were recognized, restricted to areas in Japan (Epiophlebia superstes) and the Himalayas (Epiophlebia laidlawi). Recently, the group gained attention with the description of new species from China – Epiophlebia sinensis and Epiophlebia…

Taxonomy and identification of the continental African Gynacantha and Heliaeschna species (Odonata: Aeshnidae)

The taxonomy of the Gynacantha and Heliaeschna species from continental Africa is problematic, and available keys are unsatisfactory. ‘Traditional’ characters such as venation and ‘innovative’ ones like abdominal denticulation are evaluated and their variability is measured and discussed. G. quadrina is a synonym of G. africana and not of G. vesiculata, G. ochraceipes is regarded…