Description of the final stadium larvae of African Gomphidia (Odonata: Gomphidae)

Descriptions and illustrations of the final stadium larvae of Gomphidia bredoi, G. gamblesi and G. quarrei are presented, based on exuviae collected in Ivory Coast, Cameroon, Kenya and Namibia. The three species can be separated by the presence/absence and shape of an abdominal dorsal spine on segment 9, by the numbers of abdominal lateral spines…

The life cycle of Orthemis ferruginea (Fabricius, 1775) (Odonata: Libellulidae)

The complete life cycle of O. ferruginea is described for the first time, represent the first complete life cycle described for an odonate in Mexico. The 17 larval instars obtained are described and illustrated in detail, from prolarva through F-0. Two egg batches of different females were obtained in the field and were subsequently reared in the laboratory.